Book Review – Forensics: What Bugs, Burns, Prints, DNA, And More Tell Us About Crime by Val McDermid


Forensics-Bugs

Val McDermid is a multi-award winning author Scottish crime writer.  Recently I was able to read a copy of her newest book Forensics: What Bugs, Burns, Prints, DNA, And More Tell Us About Crime.

Her non-fiction book Forensics: What Bugs, Burns, Prints, DNA, and More Tell Us About Crime is informational. I do enjoy her mystery writing and have only good to say about it. She certainly deserves the awards she has won. However, this book is a bit on the dry side. I understand.

After teaching and training Crime Scene Investigators and Police Officers for 20 + years I know it can be as dry as Danielle Van Dam’s corpse to teach. You absolutely must inject life into the study of crime and death investigation.

I wish she had instilled more of her personal encounters (or even some very short fiction) into the non-fiction to give the factual some life. She is an exceptional writer and more than capable. It would make a much more entertaining (while educational) read. The section on fire scene investigation seemed to have some life to it. I do not know perhaps she connected personally to the fire investigator.

I would recommend this book to someone wanting interesting facts and data. However, as an enjoyable read…it is just too dry. It reads too much like a good university report on the history of forensics.

The Impression Left Behind


Do not lift up your horn on high, do not speak with insolent pride.  – Psalm 75:5

tracks in snow

 

Hundreds of stolen items recovered after Lakeville housebreaks – News – The Enterprise, Brockton, MA – Brockton, MA.

Recently in central Texas we enjoyed actual snow. Schools declared a snow day, and kids conquered whatever hills they could slide down.  Some used storage tubs or float tubes, others cardboard boxes. A few had real sleds (a rare commodity here). It was a chance to experience fun they normally couldn’t. I saw the white fluffy stuff as an opportunity to have fun and practice shoe impression casting.

Shoe impression evidence is often overlooked. Casting, like the other CSI techniques, needs practice. In my locale, I normally cast in sand, dirt, or mud. A good impression might be the only evidence tying a suspect to a scene–to prove presence. A badly cast shoe impression equates to an ugly chunk of rock. It has no value. An observant police officer in Massachusetts recently took advantage of the large amount of snow in his jurisdiction. The story linked above relates how a  license plate impression left in snow cracked several cases. Kudos to him!

Knowingly, or not, we leave impressions each day that can heavily affect those we meet. Forensic pioneer Edmond Locard stated that when two things come in contact with each, other evidence of that meeting will exist.

The snow, the impressions I cast, the officer’s efforts in Massachusetts, and a recent sermon at church led to this post.

I have been approached by Christians attempting to “share the Word”. I usually tell them I am a Christian myself and chat afterwards. Sometimes though I will just listen to hear how they present the message. If they present a faulty message or presentation I will try to gently correct them. As a new believer my experience was like a child having tasted the most wonderful new flavor of ice cream. I exclaimed how good it was, stuck my cone in their face, and asked them if they wanted a lick. In my fervor to share, I didn’t always communicate well.

My practice of letting the unneeded presentation carry on might seem mean but has altered how I speak with others. I know the truth the Bible conveys. However to someone who does not, a bad impression can affect their total view of Christianity. Sadly, I have walked away from encounters with well-meaning evangelists that left a very bad impression. Like a shoe cast, a good spiritual impression, is evidence that someone (Jesus) has been present in your life. This impression also makes a huge difference in the case we make about our faith. In an earlier blog post I wrote about speaking to non-believers about the Gospel. But I wanted to put forth a few reminders that I have seen “Christians” forget in this post. Christians need to remember:

  1. We cannot save anyone.  The Gospel itself is enough to open a heart for the Holy Spirit to save.
  2. Our purpose (our work) in the process is to present the truth and defend our faith gently and honestly.
  3. Christ did not command anyone to follow man-made traditions, other believers, or the church. We are to follow Him.
  4. Our greatest works amount to no more than dirty rags. We are saved solely by what was done for us by God through Jesus Christ.
  5. We are no more than beggars telling other beggars where to find shelter and food.
  6. We should never speak down to anyone regardless of what sins they may display in their life. Because in truth your life isn’t so clean either.
  7. If Jesus Christ is not really in your life, you will be incapable of consistently remembering these. Pride will get in the way and you will think yourself as more than you are.

Leaving a good impression allows others to see the good effect Jesus Christ’s presence has in the lives of others. If He has stepped into your life His shoe prints will make the case. A bad impression leaves others thinking you are as confused as anybody else. People want to see something that works because there is plenty of failure to see everywhere.

 

What If You’re Wrong?


And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgement, – Hebrews 9:27

Processing Sequence Paper

A match between a person and physical evidence collected from a crime scene does not prove guilt of a crime but presence at the location of offense. However, in conjunction with other evidence, it can make a case. Latent (hidden or invisible) evidence overlooked or destroyed by improper processing can lose a case.

In crime scene investigation the manner chosen to uncover evidence, such as latent prints, is decided prior to the search. The methods vary per the type of scene searched and evidence sought. Subsequent analysis and comparison of discovered physical evidence can lead to a match with a suspect.

So what if that decision is wrong?

Steps in Examining Physical Evidence for Latent Prints

I have written before about processing items for latent prints using fingerprint powders. Those techniques are effective for only certain kinds of evidence. Their use on other types will either fail to enhance (reveal or make visible) or simply destroy a print. Alternate techniques use chemicals to enhance latent prints.

Lab and field personnel have used sequential charts to effectively process evidence for years. The first step on each is visual examination. Each step after targets different components of the latent print and the substrate examined. Processing out of sequence hinders or eliminates success. For example, referencing the chart to the left, in processing paper for latent  prints:

  • Iodine fumes can be used to enhance fatty oils (they appear dark brown) but do not affect amino acids in latent prints.
  • Ninhydrin can be used to enhance amino acids (they appear dark purple) but will destroy fatty oils in latent prints.
  • Using ninhydrin prior to iodine fuming eliminates what iodine might have yielded.
  • Instead of having two chances to enhance a print only one remains.

I have learned valuable lessons seeing prideful decisions based on a CSI’s believing their personal knowledge greater than those who have come before them. Their decisions, more often than not, turn out bad.

  • Procedures exist because mistakes, very likely the ones you will make, have been made before.
  • Learning from mistakes of others is better than learning from your own.
  • Considerate examination and processing of evidence has the potential to prove a person innocent or guilty of the highest crimes. Making the examiner directly or indirectly responsible for drastically affecting or ending a person’s life.
  • If you decide to skip a step be very, very sure because, if you are wrong, the blame falls on you and you alone.
  • That decision can drastically affect your life.

Steps in examining spiritual evidence

I am not aware of any sequential processing charts to guide you through examination of spiritual latency. I suppose I might try my hand at making one in a future post. However, the mistake of letting one’s pride-in-self override the experience of those who have come before is the same.

There are plenty of people, theologies, and ideologies to tell you what decision to make. We all must decide to make a choice, or not decide, and choose nolo contendere (no contest).

So what if the decision is wrong?

You now know the potential end results not following steps in examining physical evidence. I seriously request you look at the end results of NOT following the steps of finding truth in the world’s major religions.

I have looked at each of them and found Christianity to have the simplest end results. Death brings you immediately into the presence of the Creator. The choice you have made to believe: Jesus Christ is the Son of God, who was sent by the Creator, and did die as sacrificial payment for your sins (past-present-and future), did rise from the grave, and did ascend back to heaven to reign over us; brings you eternal life without pain, sorrow, or hardship. The choice to not believe sends you to an eternity outside of God’s love, in pain, sorrow, and hardship. Pretty straight forward, no do-overs, ifs-ands-or-buts; simply heaven or hell—based on one decision.

Look at what the major religions teach about afterlife. How many hoops do you have to jump through to get to heaven? Or is it even possible?  Which one do you NOT want to get wrong? Be very, very, sure about this one. The choice is yours. If you’re wrong the blame will fall on you, and you alone.

So, can we crown Him King now?


RichardIIIAnd He answered and said to them, “Go and report to John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have the gospel preached to them. Blessed is he who does not take offense at Me.” Luke 7: 22-23

Skeleton found under car park confirmed as Richard III – video | UK news | The Guardian.

In April 2013 I published a post about a skeleton found under a parking lot in England. Shortly after the initial discovery it was assumed the skeletal remains belonged to King Richard III. The link above relays what the investigation revealed.

Documentary and historical proofs proclaimed by the media were:

  1. William Shakespeare described the young king as a hunchback.
  2. Historical records stated Richard died in battle and was buried near a church in Leicester.

The two immediate knowns of physical evidence at the site were:

  1. The skeleton was most likely that of a young man with scoliosis (curvature of the spine).
  2. The skeleton was found in the historical area of Richard’s burial.

These are insufficient to verify identity especially a historic figure of English royalty. Identity is confirmed by a thorough investigation of multiple types of evidence. The greater number successfully examined in combination increase the probability of identification or elimination.

The English forensic experts did make a timely, and thorough investigation.

Some evidences used in conjunction with each other were:

  1. Historical records
  2. DNA analysis and comparison to known relatives
  3. Carbon dating
  4. Forensic analysis of weapon damage to the skull

99.999% Probability

Based on the investigation Dr. Turi King believes, with a conservative probability of 99.999%, the skeleton is that of King Richard III. I applaud the work in this investigation. However as much as I would like to say otherwise, examination of physical, circumstantial, and documentary evidence can only go so far. After all, the certainty of 99.999% leaves .001% uncertainty. Any investigation of evidence proves only to a degree.

I made such an investigation myself regarding Jesus Christ. I found the evidences more than enough (at least to 99.999%) to prove His claims true to myself and give Him Lordship of my life.

The Choice

Dr. King’s faith in the evidence secures her 100% belief that the skeleton is Richard’s. I have no reason to disbelieve her. The choice to believe pushes a scientist, judge, juror, or follower of Christ to 100% certainty. A determined choice to not believe will negate the reality found in any evidence.

God would not have it any other way. He gave us free will to love and follow Him, or not. We believe by choice—by faith—or we do not. The changes in my life (personal, physical, relational) that appeared after I chose to follow Him propelled my certainty far beyond 100%. Jesus is the Son of God, the Messiah, the Christ, and the Lord of my life. He is King.

If you have made the choice to believe as I do, I would love to hear the how, why, and when of it. If you haven’t I’d like to hear from you as well.

Revealing the Fingerprints of God – Part 2


 

Revealing God’s Presence 

In the book of Exodus, God punished ancient Egypt with ten plagues because Pharaoh refused to free the Hebrew slaves. Pharaoh’s magicians tried to counter God’s power. They failed but realized real power when they saw it and proclaimed God’s presence to Pharaoh. He refused to acknowledge the warning.

As explained in part one of this post, a CSI visually inspects a surface for patent or plastic prints. If none are observed the surface is processed with powders and/or UV light to enhance latent prints into the visible range. Comparing prints from the scene to known suspect prints establish their presence there.

Physical evidence, tying a suspect to a scene, greatly aids an investigation. A suspect’s print on a murder weapon or victim’s body, is hard to defend in court. It proves the accused—pun intended—had a hand in it. Egypt might have been spared the plagues had Pharaoh admitted and yielded to God’s hand.

Parallels between Spiritual vs. Physical Processing 

First, the influence of the Holy Spirit on a person’s heart and mind is the basis for all conversions to Christianity regardless of their life history. It is expected of Christians to help the process by telling people about that influence, the presence of God’s hand—His fingerprints—in life. Some do not know how to see them. Others, like the Pharaoh, are unwilling to acknowledge them.

Knowing how a CSI locates prints can aid revelation of God’s presence in a person’s life. Please consider the following parallels that I have noticed between latent print processing and conversing with non-believers

  • God’s Word = fingerprint powder
  • The history of the person = surface to be processed
    • A calm life = a smooth surface
    • A rough life by circumstance = a rough surface
    • A rough life by circumstance and/or choice = a rough and/or multicolored surface
  • Counseling a person = the type of brush and powder to be used
  • The Holy Spirit = UV light

Latent print dusting always starts with visual examination of the surface and then light application of powder. As latents develop additional powder can be applied or different technique can be used. Few things, however, ruin good latent development like dumping a large amount of powder on a surface and hoping for good results.

If a CSI processes a smooth, monochromatic surface they will most likely apply a standard powder with a brush. Ample amounts of powder can be used without great risk of clogging the details of the print. Speaking with someone who has a relatively easy life allows a greater amount of scripture in the conversation and personal encouragement. These people are least likely to feel threatened and pull away from proactive interaction.

If a CSI processes a rough textured and/or dirty surface a magnetic wand and powder might be a better option. Brush bristles will have too much contact and likely wipe away the latent or clog the clarity of it. Persons who have rough lives by coincidence or circumstances tend to not trust abrupt fellowship and goodwill from others. A nominal exposure to scripture based around specific rather than general areas of their life (e.g. confidence, abandonment, loss of material) and reactive fellowship will work better. Dumping a large amount of scripture and personal attention can push untrusting people away.

If a CSI processes a rough and/or multicolored surface he knows that clogging of details and contrast between powder and surface will be an issue. A magnetic wand and fluorescent powder works best in this instance. Application of UV light to the dusted latent draws the light of the print out. This light from the print provides contrast with the texture and opposing colors of the surface. Someone who made bad choices and suffered consequences for them is quite often prideful. I speak from my personal history in this. Similar to those who have hard lives because of circumstance, God’s word is best applied to specific parts of their life (e.g. envy, lust, desire for material). Pride often obscures the difference between what the world trained them to see and reality. Only the intervention of the Holy Spirit can provide illumination and the contrast needed to see. The only option Christians have to affect this is steadfast prayer.

A Word to the Wise 

Before any scriptural counsel, or interactive fellowship, Christians must listen to people and understand their history, fears, needs, and dreams. Knowing this (their surface type) we can better offer scripture in conversation and fellowship. I have seen some amazingly clear fingerprints developed (as a CSI and as a Christian) by following these techniques. I hope you will too.

Revealing the Fingerprints of God – Part 1


Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God.” But Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he would not listen to them, as the LORD had said.  – Exodus 8:19

 

Fingerprints are the most widely used method of identification in crime scene investigation. Fingerprints left at a crime scene do not prove guilt, or innocence. They prove the presence of the person who left them.  Before any benefit can be gained though a print must first be collected from the scene. 

Fingerprints in Three Forms

  • Patent – visible to the eye on a surface (e.g. ink, paint, blood)
  • Plastic – visible to the eye imbedded in a surface (e.g. putty, grease, or dust) as in the photo above
  • Latent – invisible to the human eye and must be enhanced to add contrast between the surface and the print so it can be seen.

Latents are hardest for a criminal to see and clean up. They are also the most difficult for the CSI to find and use. These prints must be enhanced to the visible range. One of the oldest and most common techniques to develop latent prints is called dusting. When the print is made visible it can be used to prove the presence of a person at the scene.

Powders Used for Dusting

  • Standard non-magnetic and magnetic
  • Fluorescent non-magnetic and magnetic

Standard Powders

Fingerprint powders come in a wide variety of colors that provide contrast between the print and its background. Powder is gently applied to a surface using either a brush (feather, camelhair, or fiberglass) or magnetic wand. Too much pressure from a brush can wipe the print away so a light touch is needed. Too much powder clogs the latent and destroys definition. So a minimal application of powder is advised. The surface to be processed determines the brush, wand, and powder is used.

Brushes hold powder in bristles. The bristles contact the surface and transfer powder to the latent. A smooth, clean, and hard surface (e.g. glass and plastic) is ideal for a standard powder.

The small magnetic field produced by the wand tip forms a brush out of the powder itself. Only the powder actually touches the latent thus minimizing the risk of damage to the latent. Magnetic powder can be used on the same surfaces as non-magnetic but is preferred for rougher surfaces (e.g. unfinished wood and dusty). The size of its “brush” limits use to processing smaller areas.

Fiber Brush                                                                          Magnetic Wand

Image

Fluorescent powders

Fluorescent powders have two advantages over standard powders. The production of the fluorescent powders is more refined. The particles of the powder are smaller and spherical in shape. These particles resist clogging in surface grooves of textured surfaces for cleaner definition. Secondly, these powders provide vivid contrast when viewed under an ultraviolet light. This helps when processing multi-colored surfaces as well. Application of ultraviolet (UV) light induces the dusted print to shed its own light. It is visible regardless of the background color. The necessity of a UV source is the drawback to this powder.

fluoresced latent

The Evidence Cascade


Elkton house burglars leave clues at crime scene – Cecil Daily: Local News.

 

 The one condemned to die is to be executed on the testimony of two or three witnesses. No one is to be executed on the testimony of a single witness.         –Deuteronomy 17:6

I believe an acceptable punishment for certain crimes—after a swift, just, and objective judicial process—is death. I also firmly agree with Deuteronomy 17:6 regarding the testimony of a single witness.

The Silent Witness

Truth-be-told, cases with only one witness are extremely rare because there are many kinds of witnesses. Eyewitnesses are good but the silent witnesses are better. Evidence, physical and otherwise, has often been called the silent witness.  These can be:

  • Documentary – photo/video, digital (computer), actual documents
  • Physical – fingerprint, DNA, ballistic, hair & fiber, fracture, etc…
  • Circumstantial – logical conclusions drawn from known facts surrounding an event

Witnesses to any crime add up if the investigators can find them.

My realm of expertise lies in physical evidence. But all evidence must be studied under the same standards.

  • Evidence must be scrutinized through an impartial lens.
  • All evidence, laid side-by-side, should draw the same conclusion.
  • Any differences must be considered and form a logical explanation.
  • The intent of such an examination is not to determine guilt or innocence, but fact (truth).

The Evidence Cascade

I affirm the testimony of a single witness should not justify a conviction. However, one piece of evidence of seeming minimal value can start what I call an evidence cascade. In the news story linked above, a single piece of evidence (store receipt) found in the crime scene did just that.

Having worked similar cases, I can make an educated guess about the possible cascade of evidence that followed:

  • The receipt at the scene bore a store location, date, and time.
    • Provides the suspect location at a date and time
    • Provides DNA and fingerprints (of suspect or story employee)
  • The store security video at the location identified on the receipt
    • Provides documentary evidence (one suspect wearing the t-shirt at a specific location, date, and time)
    • Provides documentary evidence (second suspect associated with the first in the eyewitness testimony)
  •  An item handled by the suspects at the store provides physical evidence (fingerprints, DNA, etc…).
  • DNA or fingerprints on receipt of store employee who gave suspect the receipt.
    • Provides additional eyewitness by store employee.
  • The t-shirt left at the scene, and evidence from it enters the cascade.
    • Matches physical description of eyewitnesses
    • Hairs and fibers
    • DNA
  • Locating the suspects by examining evidence above lead to an arrest.
  • Additional evidence is provided by the arrested suspects.
    • The suspect wearing or in possession of victim’s clothing provides physical evidence
    • A knife in possession of the suspects provides physical evidence (fibers from the cut screen at the crime scene).
    • Other items stolen from victim in suspect’s possession provide physical and documentary evidence.
    • Testimonial and documentary (verbal and written confession)

I am not privy to the investigative details of this case. I do know that if the knowledge, time, and equipment are available, the smallest piece can spearhead an overwhelming case against a criminal. Then the future of the suspect lies solely in the hands and mercy of the court.

The Burden of Proof

As is my tendency, I evaluate what I know about a particular crime scene investigation, my knowledge of physical evidence, and what I read in biblical scripture. Then I form a conclusion based on them.

  • First, I have objectively examined evidences that prove to me biblical scripture teaches truth about the spiritual and behavioral nature of humans.
    • I am human.
  • Second, if the first is true—and I use the same examination standards—do I see any other teachings in the bible that I cannot logically accept as true?
    • I do not.
  • Third, would the smallest piece of evidence I have left behind in my life cascade to prove my innocence or guilt before God?
    • After considering this question I can only conclude:
      • I am guilty.
      • Being guilty, my future lies solely in the hands and mercy of God.
  • Fourth, if the first and second are true
    • God has already deliberated my case and ruled on it.
      • See John 3:16
      • Jesus Christ has taken my punishment for me.

I greatly encourage everyone to undertake the same investigation I did. Determine the validity of the first and second points. If you come to the same conclusion you must ask yourself:

  • Would an evidence cascade of your life prove guilt or innocence?
  • How many witnesses would testify against you?
  • What hope do you have?


For Goodness’ Sake – Don’t Forget – You Are Being Watched


Therefore, since we have so great a cloud of witnesses surrounding us, let us also lay aside every encumbrance and the sin which so easily entangles us…     Hebrews 12:1

The intent of the video highlighted above was prankish at worst; but the story makes a good point. In today’s world of Internet video-voyeurism, anyone with a smart phone is a potential video journalist. The video would rack up more views had the officer made an ethical, rather than physical misstep. This should serve as a warning for anyone who seeks a career in law enforcement or public service.

Mainstream media provides a feeding tube for the world’s footage-hungry appetite. Now, more than ever, the greater the perceived uprightness, the greater the world expects failure. People who actually live the life they preach actually impress most people. Others relish the sight of a hero figure ousted from public favor as a hypocrite.

The once common tendency to hold a higher view of good (even if only perceived) for goodness’ sake and mourn its loss has faded. As a people we have grown to love when the mighty fall, particularly when we feel they deserve it. I do not claim superior knowledge of the goings-on in heaven but I cannot imagine the angels rejoiced when Lucifer fell. I envisage mourning among them that day though the punishment fair. One who held an exceedingly upright status chose rebellion; and for goodness’ sake had justly been cast out.

Law enforcers and public officials should strive for—and hang onto—an upright status. The dark desire to see good proven evil makes them popular targets. I will not lie and say we automatically deserve a righteous status. We share the common flaws all humans have. However, a life in law enforcement or public office demands a higher standard and rightly so. Positions of authority lie under a higher standard of judgment as well. Anyone in law enforcement who knowingly fails the trust placed in his or her position deserves just and swift punishment. We should all—for goodness’ sake—mourn when this happens as well.

A Crime Scene Investigator’s actions will be recorded, questioned, and critiqued by supervisors, judges, juries, media, and public opinion. They will suffer malice for making a mistake and extreme retribution for negligence. But if you desire a career in C.S.I. do not give up hope.

I teach investigators four practices, which can sustain them throughout their career.

      1. Always feel like you are being watched.

          – This tends to keep you honest and attentive to do your job right.

       2. Your professional and ethical reputation leads to success.

          – A good reputation makes you a trusted adviser and associate.

           – A bad reputation makes you a distrusted outsider.

       3. A task properly done, and documented, will stand up against any objective scrutiny.

           – Truth will eventually prove itself.

        4. The decision to do the job properly lies in your hands.

            – No one can make you do a good job. You reap what you sew.

I try molding my instruction in the style of Hebrews’ author. He taught people the way in a kind and caring manner. In truth, he taught the bad and the good of life. He gave them the knowledge to do well and warned them of the consequences otherwise.

The four practices I teach investigators can greatly help them become the best C.S.I. or Christian (or both) you can. After all, both jobs have the common goal of revealing the truth.

Let the video also serve as warning for Christians. The writer of Hebrews 12:1 accurately stated, there is a great cloud of witnesses watching us. Many hope you will stumble and fail at living out what you speak. This empowers their denial of God. If you make a mistake they will deride you. Intentionally not living what you preach will cause you to be raked-over-the-coals as a hypocrite. Others do yearn (albeit secretly) for your success. It strengthens those who already believe and lends others hope that what you represent just might hold truth. They will listen more intently to what you say.

Society quakes at news reports about government surveillance and documentation of our lives. We fear because the world’s authorities have not always proven trustworthy with the information they gather. Remember—the world always watches, waiting to discredit you and what you believe. Sounds dire, but still true. In contrast God watches over you, ready to guide your every step for your goodness’ sake. This surveillance we should really have no problem with.

 

 

 

Don’t Be So Quick To Crown Him King


And He answered and said to them, “Go and report to John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have the gospel preached to them. Blessed is he who does not take offense at Me.” Luke 7: 22-23

Yorkist king Richard III grew up at Middleham....

Yorkist king Richard III grew up at Middleham. “Middleham Castle”. RichardIII.com . . Retrieved 2007-10-24 . (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Tale of Richard III’s skeleton is filled with drama â�� and it’s not over yet.

A few months ago a skeleton was found buried beneath a parking lot in England. Excavation and DNA tests indicated that this skeleton might be the remains of Richard III (the English king vilified in the Shakespearean play). As is usual in a case such as this much has been made of the find’s historical value. Legal battles over the eventual interment of the skeleton (if he is indeed Richard III) are also bound to follow. The linked article above covers this investigation, it’s hazards, and rewards.

The fact is: people want to know now. The problem  is: a good forensic investigation, must be timely yet thorough. Hasty investigations tend to bring a blight of error and regret which no investigator wants associated with their professionalism. I have written about this problem in previous posts. So to those who want this investigation rapped up, I have one thing to say: Don’t be so quick to crown him king. The royalty of the person who belonged to that skeleton must be proven with the proper time and analysis. Otherwise a false kingship might be declared and later discounted. It would be embarrassing I think to dig the fellow up again, from Leicester or York,  and move him because a hasty decision was made. The truth always eventually comes out.

Another man claimed to be king, about 2,000 years ago, in what is now the Middle East. His claim was greatly disputed by those who opposed him. Many of his followers fell prey to the hasty desire of wanting him to be crowned king immediately. That man of course was Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah, the Christ and Savior. His refusal to claim his thrown, overthrow Rome, or even defend his own life, caused many to either doubt or turn against him. The disciples who followed him should not have been so hasty. Their familiar scriptures and Jesus’ own words told them a time must pass before his proof would be revealed. He advised an objective look at all he did. Those who opposed him killed him. Those who followed him fell fearful. On the third day He proved himself to be who He said He was: Sovereign Lord and King.

There is ample historical evidence (biblical and secular) to prove that the happenings chronicled in the Bible did indeed happen. I looked into them myself in a personal, objective investigation. Between this investigation of fact and the occurrences in my personal life I have indeed crowned Jesus Christ,  my King. I urge you to make this investigation yourself, steadily–objectively, not hastily and subjectively. I would also suggest that you read the Bible for yourself. I also suggest you read two, investigative books on the subject: Cold Case Christianity by J. Warner Wallace, and The Case for Christ by Lee Strobel. I have listed the last two books because I found them meticulous, truthful, and congruent to my personal investigation.

It may, or may not be, the skeleton found beneath a Leicester parking lot is King Richard III. It may be Much Ado About Nothing. A bit of time and objective investigation will determine it and many historical, legal, and academic questions might be answered. An objective investigation on your part just might lead you to the same conclusion that I made about Jesus of Nazareth. Don’t  be so quick to crown Him King, look in to it for yourself. Being wrong about this investigation might be very important to you in the end. The truth always eventually comes out.

Have you performed an investigation of your own?  I would like to hear about your investigation.

Boston Bombing Response


Boston Marathon Explosions

This link is to a very good article in Forbes on the law enforcement response to a crime scene such as the Boston Marathon bombing.

A lot of good people will work long hours to determine the facts, piece together the evidence, generate suspects, and apprehend the guilty parties.

My prayers are for the victims (physical and emotional) of this cowardly act and to those law enforcement personnel working the case.  If you are reading this, yours’ should be too.

God bless ya.

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